Dieu, la Mort et le Temps

E Levinas, Dieu, la Mort et le Temps, Paris: Grasset, 1993.

p.85 have to think the murder in all death – all death is murder – is premature, and there is the responsibility of survivors/survival.

What is death for Hegel? Go to Grande Logique: pure being & nothingness; says we must start with pure being, empty and undetermined

p.86 in becoming – beginning, there is already etre – becoming is unity of etre & nothing, or a non-etre that is both being and nothing

becoming is the non-differentiated unity; contains both states.


Unity of being and nothing is their – ‘unite est le devenir’


p.87 Hegel vs. mystical approach to nothing: the nothing will be thought. And thinking nothing is to affirm the identity of being and nothing.


p.88 pure being – ‘vide’ – there is, in pure being, nothing to think. Pure being is in effect ‘rien’, nothing more or less than ‘rien.’


But how can the undetermined be identical to itself? Its always ‘un contenu’ that is identical to itself – therefore a speculative identity that consists in becoming. Being and nothing are identical in becoming.


Becoming is thus difference and identity of being and nothing.


In the absolute, nothing is radically new.


p.89 asks: is that the measure of death? <Hegel>


p.90 Truth of being and nothing is their disappearance in becoming.


** pp.90-107


p.93 <move from Logic to Phenomenology>


p.94 Phenom – the ‘je pense’ – recognition that self implies others; doesn’t count philosophy other itself is ‘reconnu’


what Hegel calls Spirit is therefore this reciprocal recognition of consciousnesses which is maintained and transcended (aufgehoben) in its relations and its conflicts; this is universal conscience and not immediate


Esprit is substance and has before him a march where he will beocm subject; makes his own history; self-develops; engendered by himself; will become subject, become le Savoir that Spirit has of itself… absolute thought.. living truth that knows itself.


p.95 feminine – divine law; mascule – law of family, city, human law


p.96 Hegel – on need for wars; death = Absolute Master


p.97 Hegel: ethic of ‘family’ – specific duties: to bury the dead


p.98 someone with universal essence without being a citizen, in death


act of burial = a relation with death and not with the cadaver


p.101 in idea of death – notion of return to the maternal


p.102 in this way of thinking death isn’t only nothing, but a return to the ‘origin’; is it legitimate to view death this way?


p.107 problem of death is incomprehensible if it doesn’t concern as a being subjected to nothing but no comprehension itself of being


(Hegel: 124, 140, 141, 151-2, 170, 184, 210, 258, 260, 265, 271)


p.124 understanding assimilates Other into Same; thinking of rationality of becoming in Hegel: identity of self-other


on optics of stability – of what has ‘come to term’ < continuity of time>


how to make sense of time


p.140 Hegel reads philosophy as progress; central concept is Aufhebung – releve – difference between Heidegger and Hegel


p.151-2 negative and positive in contradiction is the great discovery of Hegel


Hegel: Same/Other


p.184 knowledge of being: Absolute knowledge of Spirit compared to Heidegger


theoretical relation of being and knowing


p.185 face-to-face is not in the order of the intelligible, of the thematised