Late autumn is the best time to plant garlic, which is grown from individual cloves. This is because garlic generally needs a cold period for proper bulb development.
There are two types of garlic: hardneck and softneck. Cultivation for both is the same, but hardneck garlic sometimes produce flower stalks – which should be removed to divert all energy into bulb development.
Softneck garlic is named as such because their necks bend over when ready for harvesting) do not flower and these type of garlic tend to have a milder flavour.
- Break bulbs into cloves just before planting.
- Plant each clove 1 1/2-2 inches deep (3-4 cm), pointed end facing up.
- Plant into well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun.
- Add a balanced fertiliser at planting time and give 15 grams per square metre sulphate of potash in February.
- Water plants well in the growing period. Stop watering for a few weeks before harvesting in summer, to help ripen the bulb.