The shape of sweet pepper fruit differs considerably. There are five basic shapes:
- rounded, often slightly oval
- germinate pepper seeds in trays and prick out singly.
- sow early – they need a long growing season so should be sown early, sometime between mid-January and mid-March.
- transplants can be bought from garden centres
- seedlings should have at least two true leaves. Handle seedlings with care so not to damage roots or stem.
- peppers are tropical and need a lot of light.
- Do not pinch out the growing tip; leave the plant to grow naturally and support with canes.
- they need high temperatures – covering the soil around peppers with black plastic helps keep moisture in the ground and maintain soil heat.
- water diligently – seedlings and plants must never dry out and need regular watering in sunny hot weather.
- peppers need high levels of nutrients. Many tomato feeds provide this in a convenient way.
- aphids can be a serious pest for peppers. Wash plants to remove bugs.
For detailed guidance on cultivars of RHS recommended sweet pepper cultivars, see The Garden, August 2017.
Sweet Pepper – ‘Snack Orange’ (planted late June 2018)
- big crops of smaller sweet orange fruits (5-8 cm long).
- crops through late summer and autumn
- fruit starts green and turns orange
- plants reach 60cm high
- likes full sun – protect from frost
- prefers well-prepared soil with plenty of compost / rotted manure
- plant at same depth as pot
- water regularly
- apply a high potash liquid feed twice a week after first fruits form
- regular picking encourages more fruit development
Sweet Pepper – ‘Golda F1′ (Franchi) (planted late June 2018)
- large, thick-fleshed early to mid-season variety
- fruit ripens to yellow
- resistant to disease.
- choose a warm, sunny spot
- plant in good, well-drained soil
- water regularly
- for bigger crops, liquid feed with tomato fertiliser weekly once fruits have formed
- regular picking encourages the yield
- see http://www.seedsofitaly.com